Although they date to the earliest days of U. Various groups, struggling under the pressures of urbanization and industrialization, challenged the traditional norms and social conservatism of American society. Their desire to create a perfect world often lay in sharp contradiction to the world in which they lived, one in which capitalism, the Industrial Revolutionimmigration, and the tension between the individual and the community challenged older forms of living.
The women were protesting the sale of alcoholic beverages. The Temperance Movement was an organized effort during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to limit or outlaw the consumption and production of alcoholic beverages in the United States.
During the early nineteenth century, many citizens of the United States became convinced that many Americans were living in an immoral manner. To survive, the American republic, these people believed, needed virtuous citizens. Because of these concerns, many people became involved in reform movements during the early s.
One of the more prominent was the temperance movement. Temperance advocates encouraged their fellow Americans to reduce the amount of alcohol that they consumed. Ideally, Americans would forsake alcohol entirely, but most temperance advocates remained willing to settle for reduced consumption.
The largest organization established to advocate temperance was the American Temperance Society. By the mids, more thanpeople belonged to this organization.
The American Temperance Society published tracts and hired speakers to depict the negative effects of alcohol upon people. Many Ohioans participated in the temperance movement.
Inresidents of Trumbull County formed a temperance society, and Summit County residents followed suit three years later. Many of the earliest temperance advocates were women. Most men believed that women were best suited for the home.
Many women used this argument against the men. If women were responsible for raising virtuous children, women, they contended, should also play a role in helping those people who have become consumed by immoral acts redeem themselves. For the most part, temperance efforts in Ohio remained haphazard.
Localities might form their own temperance societies, but the various groups did not make a united stand against alcohol usage.
A statewide effort against alcohol did not happen until the early s. For the first time in Ohio, a statewide temperance organization existed. During the late s, the United States was shifting from a national economy based principally on agriculture to a more industrialized one.
As a result of this shift, urban areas, including Cincinnati, Cleveland, Canton, Akron, and Columbus experienced tremendous growth. Many Americans, including Ohioans, believed the social ills of the cities, including homelessness, high crime rates, and joblessness, all resulted from alcohol usage.
Ohio temperance advocates, like others across the United States, began to use more radical tactics to stop the consumption of alcohol. For example, in Hillsboro, Ohio, inwomen marched through the town.
They stopped at every saloon, approximately twenty of them, and prayed for the souls of the barkeepers and their patrons. The women also demanded that the owners sign a pledge to no longer sell alcohol.
Bythere were marches in more than other communities. During the late s, Westerville,Ohio residents began to earn a reputation for opposing the sale and consumption of alcohol.
The town voters passed a law that banned the sale of "fermented spirits," becoming one of the first communities in Ohio to do so.
Westerville appeared on the national stage inwhen the Anti-Saloon League moved its headquarters to the town from Washington, D.
As a result of its association with the Anti-Saloon League, the community earned the nickname of the "Dry Capital of the World. Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati city governments passed laws forbidding the marches, claiming that they impeded traffic.
Moral Reform Society and the temperance movement, were attempts to perfect the human condition by Examine the interest in and the emergence of utopian communities in American society during the Establish the item as the result of or as the cause of other factors existing in the society under study. Utopian communities aimed to perfect social relationships; reform the institutions of marriage and private property; and balance political, occupational, and religious influences. Most utopian communities did not last beyond the early s, but one, the Oneida community in New York, survived from to Temperance Utopian communities The Second Great Awakening was a powerful religious revival that swept the nation during the mid s. While it was potent in every region of the country, it had a particular effect on three social areas of the North: abolitionism, temperance, and the development of utopian communities.
Ministers of some churches chastised the women for not acting in a lady-like manner. The temperance movement continued through the late nineteenth century and into the early twentieth century.
Advocates during this time period became much more politically active, primarily through their support of the Progressive Movement. This amendment outlawed the production and the sale of alcohol in the United States. Prohibition remained in effect until the Twenty-First Amendment in Examine the emergence of temperance as a major issue in the s and s, and explain the role of women in the temperance movement.
4. Discuss the emergence of utopian communities in American society between and , and explain the characteristics and goals of at least three such communities. Utopian Communities. The Utopian communities’ movements are communes set up by groups of people in certain places where they felt the evils of the society could not reach them.
This was, perhaps, the most extreme movement in the USA. The movement was founded in . The Second Great Awakening in the Nort essay writing service, custom The Second Great Awakening in the Nort papers, term papers, free The Second Great Awakening in the Nort samples, research papers, help The emergence of the temperance movement and utopian communities are two examples of the extensive influence of the Second Great Awakening.
Chapter 9 Test. STUDY. PLAY. transcendentalist who wrote about his two years of solitary life. utopian communities. movement opposing alcohal consumption. revivalists preach in the early s. people are capable o shaping their own destinies.
what was the impact of the temperance movement. alcohal consumption dropped dramatically. List of Major Utopian Movements in American History. Search the site GO.
History & Culture. American History Basics Following is a look at the five major Utopian communities that were created.
of Temperance Movement and Prohibition Timeline. Free Love and Women's History in the 19th Century (and Later).
Temperance Movement Essay Examples. 5 total results. A History of the Emergence of the Temperance Movement and the Utopian Communities as a Result of the Second Great Awakening.
words. 2 pages. Consequences of the Industrialization of America. words.