However, for those who have not had that magical Chile experience yet, we will do our best to try to get across a sense of what the country is all about as well as some Chile facts and figures. In answer to the question Why Come to Chile? Have you ever wondered what some parts of this planet were like thousands of years ago before the forests were cut down, roads were laid, and man built sprawling concrete cities? In Chile you can see and experience what it used to be like before we, mankind, ruined it all.
It has been calculated that the largest heads weigh between 25 and 55 short tons 50 t. The heads were carved from single blocks or boulders of volcanic basalt, found in the Tuxtlas Mountains. The Tres Zapotes heads, for example, were sculpted from basalt found at the summit of Cerro el Vigia, at the western end of the Tuxtlas.
The San Lorenzo and La Venta heads, on the other hand, were likely carved from the basalt of Cerro Cintepec, on the southeastern side, perhaps at the nearby Llano del Jicaro workshop, and dragged or floated to their final destination dozens of miles away.
It has been estimated that moving a colossal head required the efforts of 1, people for three to four months.
|Organizations||If you decide to pay off your mortgage sooner, here are a few ways to do so:|
It is known that some monuments, and at least two heads, were recycled or recarved, but it is not known whether this was simply due to the scarcity of stone or whether these actions had ritual or other connotations.
It is also suspected that some mutilation had significance beyond mere destruction, but some scholars still do not rule out internal conflicts or, less likely, invasion as a factor.
Almost all of these colossal heads bear the same features, flattened nose, wide lips, and capping headpiece, possible features of the Olmec warrior-kings. These characteristics have caused some debate due to their apparent resemblance to African facial characteristics.
Based on this comparison, some have insisted that the Olmecs were Africans who had emigrated to the New World. However, claims of pre-Columbian contacts with Africa are rejected by the vast majority of archeologists and other Mesoamerican scholars.
Explanations for the facial features of the colossal heads include the possibility that the heads were carved in this manner due to the shallow space allowed on the basalt boulders. Others note that in addition to the broad noses and thick lips, the heads have the Asian eye-fold, and that all these characteristics can still be found in modern Mesoamerican Indians.
In addition, the African origin hypothesis assumes that Olmec carving was intended to be realistic, an assumption that is hard to justify given the full corpus of representation in Olmec carving.
This head dates from to BCE and is 2. Monuments were also an important characteristic of Olmec centers. Today they provide us with some idea of the nature of Olmec ideology. The colossal heads are commanding portraits of individual Olmec rulers, and the large symbol displayed on the 'helmet' of each colossal head appears to be an identification motif for that person.
Colossal heads glorified the rulers while they were alive, and commemorated them as revered ancestors after their death. The inert were-jaguar baby held by the central figure is seen by some as an indication of child sacrifice.
In contrast, its sides show bas-reliefs of humans holding quite lively were-jaguar babies. Altars were actually the thrones of Olmec rulers. The carving on the front of the throne shows the identified ruler sitting in a niche that symbolizes a cave entrance to the supernatural powers of the underworld.
That scene communicated to the people their ruler's association with cosmological power Notable Innovations In addition to their influence with contemporaneous Mesoamerican cultures, as the first civilization in Mesoamerica, the Olmecs are credited, or speculatively credited, with many "firsts", including the bloodletting and perhaps human sacrifice, writing and epigraphy, and the invention of zero and the Mesoamerican calendar, and the Mesoamerican ballgame, as well as perhaps the compass.
Some researchers, including artist and art historian Miguel Covarrubias, even postulate that the Olmecs formulated the forerunners of many of the later Mesoamerican deities.
Bloodletting and Sacrifice Although there is no explicit representation of Olmec bloodletting in the archaeological record, there is nonetheless a strong case that the Olmecs ritually practiced it. Numerous natural and ceramic stingray spikes and maguey thorns, for example, have been found at Olmec sites, and certain artifacts have been identified as bloodletters.
The argument that the Olmecs instituted human sacrifice is significantly more speculative. No Olmec or Olmec-influenced sacrificial artifacts have yet been discovered and there is no Olmec or Olmec-influenced artwork that unambiguously shows sacrificial victims similar, for example, to the danzante figures of Monte Alban or scenes of human sacrifice such as can be seen in the famous ballcourt mural from El Tajin.Spokeo is a people search engine that organizes white pages listings, public records and social network information into simple profiles to help you safely find and learn about people.
Leadership and Influence Independent Study December FEMA. TABLE OF CONTENTS Leadership and Influence Page i leadership⎯safeguarding life and property by marshalling both the will and the It is also threatening the Los Cerros housing community. You need to invoke the Emergency Response Act because I am going to need.
Alphabetical Index to Bible Timeline. Our new project: I ordered 2 to start and was immediately over run by several friends who wanted them for their bible study at their church. I ended up buying 3 more for some other people who want to do the same thing for the sunday school.
Every one is amazed with the information included with both.
The Mexican has many fond memories of spending days with his Papa Je in the beautiful cerros of Zacatecas—but that's to find logs to chop down for his campesino life.
Start studying History the olmec. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Native American tradition combined with scientific decoding methods indicate that "rock art" is really a sophisticated form of writing. The life-long research into Native American petroglyphs by LaVan Martineau, an orphan adopted into the Paiute tribe of southeastern Nevada and southwestern Utah, has resulted in detailed interpretations of the rock writings.