The term "United Kingdom" normally is understood to include Northern Ireland; the term "Great Britain" refers to the island of Britain and its constituent nations of England, Wales, and Scotland but does not include Northern Ireland. Any citizen of Great Britain may be referred to as a Briton.
England — History and Culture Save There is archeological evidence to suggest that England has been inhabited for aboutyears.
Faculty working in the field of British Romanticism have particular interests in poetry and fiction, Romantic visual culture and its legacy, legal and political theory, the long history of sentiment, consumer culture and urban life, and the special place of the Romantic literary moment in the emergence of historical thinking about human culture. BRITISH HISTORY AND CULTURE This text complements the e-learning material entitled “THE UK ”. It has been prepared for extra-mural (CŽV) students. Stella Nangonová Ostrava 2 England was finally united under the kings of Wessex in the 10th century. Danish. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.
It was around this time that the mysterious Stonehenge is believed to have been constructed. In the centuries that followed, the migration of people known as the Celts from Central Europe consumed the country and by BCE, they were the main inhabitants divided into a number of tribes throughout the new nation.
Up untilEngland was invaded a number of times by European and Scandinavian tribes before settling down into a period of monarchic rule. After the industrial revolution, the British Empire went on to rule a vast portion of the world before a period of decolonization after WWII.
History Around the turn of the 1st millennium, the ever-expanding Roman legions made their way from modern-day France to the shores of England.
While some of the natives initially put up a fight against the domineering forces of Rome in what is now England and Wales, the then Britannia was firmly under the control of Emperor Claudius by CE For more than four centuries, the Romans ruled the land, introducing wealth, stability, and structure to the young nation.
Over the next two centuries, tribes from the modern-day Germany, known as the Angles and Saxons, sailed the English Channel and picked up where the Romans left off.
The impact they had on the country was huge, pushing out the Christian religion initiated by Rome and replacing it with Paganism, and instilling the Anglo-Saxon dialect, from which the English language stems.
Christianity did, however, slowly begin to reemerge over the coming years. They would come up against armies of the legendary Alfred the Great, the southern Anglo-Saxon king and first proclaimed monarch of England.
Alfred pushed the Vikings north, causing a divide between the northern and southern regions of the country.
For the next century, battles raged on between the competing tribes, with the throne passed back and forth time and time again. However, as a new millennium dawned, another competitor for the crown entered the ring.
Things in the country were comparatively stable for a short time under the rule of Edward the Confessor until his death in He formed an army and headed across the Channel to fight for it.
The Battle of Hastings in is one of the most famous events in English history, as William succeeded in defeating the Anglo-Saxon army and conquering the rest of the country.
This would be the last successful invasion of England. The Normans efficiently went about implementing a feudal class system, placing the king at the top and everybody else, in ranking order, below.
This hierarchy was upheld untilwhen the ruling King John was forced by his barons to sign the Magna Carta, reducing his absolute control. Infighting at the top never really stopped and Henrys, Edwards, and Richards came and went along with wars with France, and for a short time, civil war between the Houses of Lancaster and York.
The House of Plantagenet, whose lengthy rule over the country lasted from towas eventually replaced by a new dynasty, the Tudors. The monarchy was overthrown, Charles I was beheaded, and a republic led by Oliver Crowell was formed. The republic lasted for little over a decade before the monarchy was restored, bringing with it a new age of expansion and the first steps towards the creation of the empire.
The empire expanded throughout Asia, the Americas, and Australia, while back home it was full-steam ahead for the Industrial Revolution. The landscape and population rapidly changed, and with mass migration from the country to new cities built upon industry, England started to dominate world trade.
For the next years, the country experienced its golden era under the strong leadership of Queen Victoria. However, what goes up, must come down, and with the transition into the first half of the 20th century came poor governance, depression, and two world wars, devastating the English people and firmly hammering the nails in the empirical coffin.
Over the next few decades, England experienced economic and social decline, as the list of dependents on the welfare state increased alongside the growing wealth of big business, particularly under the rule of the Conservatives and Margaret Thatcher.
Even within this small country, the culture is divided regionally, with the heart of the economy located in the south, primarily in London, and the north traditionally serving as the heart of industry.
Yet in the past 30 years, considerable deindustrialization has affected the north, resulting in a great deal of significant music, art, and film. During the same period, immigration from former British colonies has started to change the face of traditional England, especially in major cities, such as London and Manchester.
The British are known for being prim and proper people, fiercely loyal to their heritage and proud of their crown, highly competitive in sports and academia alike.History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The emergence of the nation took place between and The first period when a quasi-national feeling was able to unify the people was the Hundred Years' War with France in the late Middle Ages (–).
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Culture of Life News: the blog is mightier than the sword. Ruthless analysis of history and modern events. England History, Language and Culture History of England.
Taxicab history and culture. Ten Of the Best Taxis in Literature are the picks by John Mullan in the Guardian.. The Five Taxis Puzzle named "Who is going to Barker Street" challenges five cab drivers to figure out where their five drunk passengers are going. Give it a try and enjoy! If you get stumped, Norm Beattie will show you the way. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The emergence of the nation took place between and The first period when a quasi-national feeling was able to unify the people was the Hundred Years' War with France in the late Middle Ages (–). Study abroad culture in London, England. Experience the best study abroad programs in London, England. England. International Studies Abroad London is packed with great museums, from art to history. The best part about exploring this plethora of information is that most museums in London are free of charge. A few favorites include.
Little is known of the country’s pre-Roman settlers but it’s believed that ancient Britons were a Celtic people who migrated to Britain by a now-submerged land bridge.
The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape.
BRITISH HISTORY AND CULTURE This text complements the e-learning material entitled “THE UK ”. It has been prepared for extra-mural (CŽV) students. Stella Nangonová Ostrava 2 England was finally united under the kings of Wessex in the 10th century.