These times of transition can include moving, changing jobs, the end of a relationship, or the death of a loved one.
Personality traits[ edit ] There are various childhood personality traits associated with the development of eating disorders. Eating disorders have been associated with a fragile sense of self and with disordered mentalization.
While studies are still continuing via the use of various imaging techniques such as fMRI ; these traits have been shown to originate in various regions of the brain  such as the amygdala   and the prefrontal cortex. Some authors report that unresolved symptoms prior to gastrointestinal disease diagnosis may create a food aversion in these persons, causing alterations to their eating patterns.
Other authors report that greater symptoms throughout their diagnosis led to greater risk. It has been documented that some people with celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease who are not conscious about the importance of strictly following their diet, choose to consume their trigger foods to promote weight loss.
On the other hand, individuals with good dietary management may develop anxiety, food aversion and eating disorders because of concerns around cross contamination of their foods.
Those that are socially isolated have a higher mortality rate in general as compared to individuals that have established social relationships. This effect on mortality is markedly increased in those with pre-existing medical or psychiatric conditions, and has been especially noted in cases of coronary heart disease.
Social isolation can be inherently stressful, depressing and anxiety-provoking. In an attempt to ameliorate these distressful feelings an individual may engage in emotional eating in which food serves as a source of comfort.
The loneliness of social isolation and the inherent stressors thus associated have been implicated as triggering factors in binge eating as well.
For example, restriction is used to pre-empt any emotion activation, while bingeing—vomiting is used after an emotion has been activated. This is in addition to the general psychosocial climate of the home and the presence or absence of a nurturing stable environment.
It has been shown that maladaptive parental behavior has an important role in the development of eating disorders.
As to the more subtle aspects of parental influence, it has been shown that eating patterns are established in early childhood and that children should be allowed to decide when their appetite is satisfied as early as the age of two.
A direct link has been shown between obesity and parental pressure to eat more.
Their parents have a tendency to be over-controlling and fail to encourage the expression of emotions, inhibiting daughters from accepting their own feelings and desires. Adolescent females in these overbearing families lack the ability to be independent from their families, yet realize the need to, often resulting in rebellion.
Controlling their food intake may make them feel better, as it provides them with a sense of control.
Eleanor Mackey and co-author, Annette M. La Greca of the University of Miami, studied teen girls from public high schools in southeast Florida. The number of friends dieting and the number of friends who pressured them to diet also played a significant role in their own choices.
Female athletes in sports such as gymnastics, ballet, diving, etc. Women are more likely than men to acquire an eating disorder between the ages of 13— In non-Western countries, bulimia is less prevalent than anorexia, but these non-Western countries where it is observed can be said to have probably or definitely been influenced or exposed to Western culture and ideology.
Countless magazine ads and commercials depict thin celebrities like Lindsay LohanNicole RichieVictoria Beckham and Mary Kate Olsenwho appear to gain nothing but attention from their looks. Society has taught people that being accepted by others is necessary at all costs.
Televised beauty competitions such as the Miss America Competition contribute to the idea of what it means to be beautiful because competitors are evaluated on the basis of their opinion. Athletes and eating disorders tend to go hand in hand, especially the sports where weight is a competitive factor.
Gymnastics, horse back riding, wrestling, body building, and dancing are just a few that fall into this category of weight dependent sports. Eating disorders among individuals that participate in competitive activities, especially women, often lead to having physical and biological changes related to their weight that often mimic prepubescent stages.
Men often struggle with binge eating followed by excessive exercise while focusing on building muscle rather than losing fat, but this goal of gaining muscle is just as much an eating disorder as obsessing over thinness.
This is just as serious as regulating food intake for competition.Eating Disorders describe illnesses that are characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape.
Eating disturbances may include inadequate or excessive food intake which can ultimately damage an. An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
They include binge eating disorder where people eat a large amount in a short period of time, anorexia nervosa where people eat very little and thus have a low body weight, bulimia nervosa where people eat a lot .
The question that remains is whether eating disorders such as these are simply personal problems of the individuals, or if they have become a social problem that needs to be addressed more aggressively.
Having grown up in this society, I see this issue as a definite social problem. Eating Disorders describe illnesses that are characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape.
Eating disturbances may include inadequate or excessive food intake which can ultimately damage an individual’s well-being. These aspects of personality are thought to be highly heritable and often exist before the eating disorder and can persist after recovery.
2,3 The following traits are common among people who develop an eating disorder but all of these personality characteristics can exist in the absence of an eating disorder as well.
4,5. Society and Eating Disorders Current research indicates that eating disorders are likely the result of a combination of genetic and environment factors. While environmental factors alone cannot cause an eating disorder, many people have pointed to the role of social pressures for thinness as a factor that can have an impact on individuals who.