Early depictions[ edit ] In the 19th century the diagnostic categories of monomania or moral insanity the word 'moral' then meant either emotional or ethical made their way into works of literature, covering numerous eccentricities, obsessions or breakdowns—and sometimes acts of apparently senseless criminality, occasionally violent. This period also saw the rise of crime fiction such as sensation novelswhere often someone in a local community who appeared normal would turn out to be criminally insane, and detective novelsplaying on increasing anxieties about the characters of people in the newly expanding and diversifying industrial cities.
Diversity in MediaReligionStereotyping Media coverage of Islam-related issues has changed dramatically since the beginning of the new millennium, both in quantity and quality.
The events of September 11,thrust Islam into the global media forefront: This increase in Islamophobia was in turn reflected in the way media outlets addressed and stereotyped Muslim populations.
While some deliberately framed Islamic coverage positively in an attempt to counter Islamophobia, many of the portrayals of Muslims contributed to the formation of harmful Islamic media stereotypes .
The most prevalent Islamic stereotype is the radical Muslim insurgent, bent on waging jihad, or holy war, against the West. Jarrah, the only Muslim central character on the show, used to work for the Iraqi Republican Guard and is frequently shown using torture to extract information from prisoners.
Care is taken to show that Jarrah is now a member of an anti-terrorism squad and is thus not a terrorist himselfbut his actions are repeatedly portrayed as inherently violent.
For example, Jarrah uses torture to extract information from his fellow castaways during times of social conflict. After 18 men were arrested in connection with alleged terrorist activities, media reports were uniform in portraying the same themes: Another Islamic media stereotype involves portrayals of Muslim women.
Western Muslim women are often presented either as passive victims of male power imposed upon them, or as strong feminists who oppose this power by fighting it from a disadvantaged position.
Media sometimes criticizes Islam for marginalizing women and for providing a disproportionate amount of power to men . In truth, while some Muslim women choose to observe traditional patriarchal hierarchies, many others selectively apply these teachings and live completely independently.
Balanced representations of Islam do exist. Finally, since media representation of Islam has changed drastically within the past decade, it is necessary to see how these representations have shaped public opinion of Islam.
Retrieved February 4,from http: Terrorism and Anonymous Sources: Canadian Journal of Media Studies8, Power and migrant Muslim women. An exploratory analysis of faith-based arbitration in Ontario. Masters Abstracts International, 48 1 Retrieved February 9,from http: Muslim Stereotypes in Hollywood: Are they really fading?And while I get that, it still presents a false image which just lumps random groups together for the purposes of style.
In small enough doses that could be forgiven, but this portrayal is rapidly becoming just dismissive of hundreds of years of . Fictional portrayals of psychopaths, or sociopaths, are some of the most notorious in film and literature but may only vaguely or partly relate to the concept of psychopathy, which is itself used with varying definitions by mental health professionals, criminologists and others.
The character may be identified as a diagnosed/assessed psychopath or sociopath within the fictional work itself, or. Portrayals by the Russia state media were generally close to those by the Russian government; they presented western countries, particularly the United States, as orchestrating events in Ukraine in order to harm Russia.
Accusations of Russophobia were common in response to criticism of Russian actions. The American-led ‘War on Terrorism’ led to an increase in Islamophobia (fear or hatred of Islam) across the globe.
This increase in Islamophobia was in turn reflected in the way media outlets addressed and stereotyped Muslim populations. Whereas individualist cultures are biased toward separation from the wider group, individuals in collectivist societies have a strong sense of group identity and group boundaries based on genetic relatedness as a result of the greater importance of group conflict during their evolutionary history.
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