See Article History Henry Moore, born July 30,Castleford, YorkshireEngland—died August 31,Much Hadham, HertfordshireEnglish sculptor whose organically shaped, abstract, bronze and stone figures constitute the major 20th-century manifestation of the humanist tradition in sculpture. Much of his work is monumental, and he was particularly well-known for a series of reclining nudes. Background and education Moore was born in a small coal-mining town near Leeds in the north of England.
His father was of Irish origin and became pit deputy and then under-manager of the Wheldale colliery in Castleford. He was an autodidact with an interest in music and literature. Determined that his sons would not work in the mines, he saw formal education as the route to their advancement.
He attended infant and elementary schools in Castleford, where he began modelling in clay and carving in wood. After a Henry moore sculptures introduction as a student teacher, Moore became a teacher at the school he had attended.
He recalled later, "for me the war passed in a romantic haze of trying to be a hero. And I still have that feeling. At the college, he met Barbara Hepwortha fellow student who would also become a well-known British sculptor, and began a friendship and gentle professional rivalry that lasted for many years.
In Leeds, Moore also had access to the modernist works in the collection of Sir Michael Sadlerthe University Vice-Chancellorwhich had a pronounced effect on his development. While in London, Moore extended his knowledge of primitive art and sculpture, studying the ethnographic collections at the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum.
The student sculptures of both Moore and Hepworth followed the standard romantic Victorian style, and included natural forms, landscapes and figurative modelling of animals. Having adopted this technique, Moore was in conflict with academic tutors who did not appreciate such a modern approach.
Instead, he carved the relief directly, even marking the surface to simulate the prick marks that would have been left by the pointing machine.
He was required to work two days a week, which allowed him time to spend on his own work. Irina was born in Kiev in to Ukrainian—Polish parents.
Her father did not return from the Russian Revolution and her mother was evacuated to Paris where she married a British army officer. Irina found security in her marriage to Moore and was soon posing for him.
Shortly after they married, the couple moved to a studio in Hampstead at 11a Parkhill Road NW3, joining a small colony of avant-garde artists who were taking root there. Shortly afterward, Hepworth and her second husband Ben Nicholson moved into a studio around the corner from Moore, while Naum GaboRoland PenroseCecil Stephenson and the art critic Herbert Read also lived in the area Read referred to the area as "a nest of gentle artists".
The area was also a stopping-off point for many refugee artists, architects and designers from continental Europe en route to America—some of whom would later commission works from Moore. The work proved controversial with other residents and the local press ran a campaign against the piece over the next two years.
At this time Moore gradually transitioned from direct carving to casting in bronze, modelling preliminary maquettes in clay or plaster rather than making preparatory drawings. InMoore met Kenneth Clark for the first time. A Miner Pushing a Tub Art.Henry Moore: Henry Moore, English sculptor whose organically shaped, abstract, bronze and stone figures constitute the major 20th-century manifestation of the humanist tradition in sculpture.
Much of his work is monumental, and he was particularly well-known for a series of reclining nudes. This is a beautiful s solid green soap stone abstract modernist Brancusi noguchi Moore style carved sculpture.
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Shop with confidence. Often regarded as the father of modern British sculpture, Henry Moore’s large-scale bronze and marble sculptures can be found in public parks and plazas around the kaja-net.comality: British. Henry Moore was the foremost British sculptor of the 20th century. Monumental, abstract, and figural, his cast bronzes imply human and animal form through smoothly twisting .
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