Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article BY Emily Crawford Emily Crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in San Francisco to write her review. Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by veterans of this particular writing process. I found nothing of the sort, so I plowed ahead on my own, inventing techniques for myself.
Sometimes even journalists ask for a clarification when they are asked to write an article review. When the brief is to write one of these pieces, the instructor, supervisor, or editor must clarify exactly what they would like to read when it is finished and submitted.
Generally, an article is given to the person to do a review, critique, or summary. It is often a difficult-to-read article, which requires repeated reading, and taking of notes.
The person doing the article review might need to look up unfamiliar words and phrases.
When exact understanding has been achieved, notes can be written. A plan must be drawn up, and decisions must be made about which aspects in the article should be addressed. It is usually a formal piece of writing done according to current accepted conventions.
It is not wise to depart from this without specific directions from the person assigning the task. Steps for Writing an Article Review Read the article carefully, taking note of words, phrases, and concepts you need to research, define, and look up meanings for.
Research the terms online or at a library. Take clear notes which can be turned into paragraphs later. Discuss the topic of the article with someone involved in that field of endeavor. For example, if the article is about a theater show, visit a theater and interview an actor or director.
If the article is about a coalmine, visit a mining engineer and hold an interview. Collect about twice as much material in notes as you think you will need to write a review article. Put aside a considerable period of time to include the interviewing and researching.
Begin your drafting, and make sure you adopt a style that either summarizes, critiques, or reviews the material at hand. A review is much more than a description: It is sensible to write the first paragraph last.
In this way, your analysis is presented in an appropriate way. Then put all the paragraphs together and devise an insightful article review. Topic Selection In most cases, your teacher or employer will assign you an article to review, but sometimes you must choose the topic on your own.
Most often, writers choose articles on topics that are of interest to them. It can be useful to peer through textbooks related to your chosen topic, since they often contain useful references. When picking an article to review, it is also essential to check whether its content and treatment appeals to you, and whether you are able to understand what is written.
Read through some excerpts from the article, paying attention to vocabulary and style to do so. Key Points to Consider A summary of the assigned article must be written. The main points must be enumerated and described in a brief way.
An evaluation of the article must also be provided: The topic of the article and its relevance to your chosen subject must be mentioned.
Decide whether the information in the article is important, relevant, of high standard, and whether it provides new information on the subject it covers. Offer an assessment of the quality of the writing.
You must conclude by writing an opinion about how the subject can be improved, or whether the necessary information is present in the article, and if it forms a complete picture of the topic.
Do try to be as clear and explanatory as you can, using advanced language and reasoning skills. Do use a style compatible with the article you are asked to review.
If it is scholarly or literary, you must use a formal style. If it is a lighthearted newspaper or magazine article, you can use a more casual style—but they must both demonstrate current conventions correctly. Do examine the evidence supporting the argument of the article, check the references, and give an opinion about their value and quality.
Do write to-the-point paragraphs. Make sure your thesis statement is valid. Common Mistakes Absence of emphasis or intention. You must make it clear that your objective is to make a sound summary, or a critique of writing and reasoning, or a review of the content and research of an assigned article.How to Write a Review.
An easy to understand Online Writing Guide for beginning writers. Here you will find a list of various writing models, general tips and hints to . Article Review Samples Reviewing an article is not as easy as it sounds: it requires a critical mind and doing some extra research.
Check out our article review samples to gain a better understanding of how to review articles yourself. To write a good article review, a student has to get ready by accomplishing important pre-writing stage. The process of writing an article review will go faster if you get ready.
Victims of homicide article review from AlyshaBarnett. Writing a Short Literature Review Topic 4: Literature Review Before you begin to write your Literature Review for the dissertation, be sure to watch the video in this activity and read the supporting documents.
This will help you track and organize your articles as the number of sources increases. When writing an academic article review, there is always a need to remember the specific purposes of this type of custom papers. The work includes the most important points of the document (a brief summary) without any additional information and its professional critique as well.
Emily Crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in San Francisco to write her review. Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully.