All three of us have lived in the Haitian community of Boston for a long time. Following our observations in the community, as well as all of our experience in the American society and schools, we see that it is important for everyone in the community to work together. To succeed, we must be educated.
Diaz Pidgin and creole essay help History Class It was largely during the Late Modern period that the United States, newly independent from Britain as ofestablished its pervasive influence on the world. The English colonization of North America had begun as early as Jamestown, Virginia was founded inand the Pilgrim Fathers settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts in The first settlers were, then, contemporaries of ShakespeareBacon and Donneand would have spoken a similar dialect.
In fact, the colony would probably have gone the way of the earlier ill-fated Roanoke Island settlement attempt of were it not for the help of an American native called Squanto, who had learned English from English sailors. Parts of the New World had already been long colonized by the French, Spanish and Dutch, but English settlers like the Pilgrim Fathers and those who soon followed them went there to stay, not just to search for riches or trading opportunities.
They wanted to establish themselves permanently, to work the land, and to preserve their culture, religion and language, and this was a crucial factor in the survival and development of English in North America. Perhaps the best-known example is the American use of gotten which has long since faded from use in Britain even though forgotten has survived.
But the American use of words like fall for the British autumn, trash for rubbish, hog for pig, sick for ill, guess for think, and loan for lend are all examples of this kind of anachronistic British word usage. America kept several words such as burly, greenhorn, talented and scant that had been largely dropped in Britain although some have since been recoveredand words like lumber and lot soon acquired their specific American meanings.
The settlement of America served as the route of introduction for many Native American words into the English language. Most of the early settlers were austere Puritans and they were quite conservative in their adoption of native words, which were largely restricted to terms for native animals and foods e.
In many cases, the original indigenous words were very difficult to render in English, and have often been mangled almost beyond recognition e.
Some words needed to describe the Native American lifestyle were also accepted e. New words were also needed for some geographical features which had no obvious English parallel in the limited experience of the settlers e.
Immigration into America was not limited to English speakers, though. In the second half of the 19th Century, in particular, over 30 million poured into the country from all parts of the world. At the peak of immigration, from toAmerica absorbed a million Italians, a million Austro-Hungarians, half a million Russians and tens of thousands each from many other countries.
Many nationalities established their own centres: SOUND CLIP Click here for transcript Often foreigners were despised or laughed at, and the newcomers found it in their best interests to integrate well and to observe as much uniformity of speech and language as possible.
This, as well as the improvements in transportation and communication, led to fewer, and less distinct, dialects than in the much smaller area of Britain, although there are some noticeable and apparently quite arbitrary regional differences, even within some states.
Today, Standard American English, also known as General American, is based on a generalized Midwestern accent, and is familiar to us from American films, radio and newscasters. Long before the Declaration of Independence, British visitors to America often remarked that the average American spoke much better English than the average Englishman.
The colonization of Canada proceeded quite separately from that of America. There had been British, French and Portuguese expeditions to the east coast of Canada even before the end of the 15th Century, but the first permanent European settlement was by France in British interests in Canada did not coalesce until the early 18th Century but, after the Treaty of Paris ofBritain wrested control of most of eastern Canada from the French, and it became an important British colony.
It was the War of against the Americans, as much as Confederation and independence from Britain inthat definitively cemented the separate identity of English Canada. English in Canada has also been influenced by successive waves of immigration, from the influx of Loyalists from the south fleeing the American Revolution, to the British and Irish who were encouraged to settle the land in the early 19th Century to the huge immigration from all over the world during the 20th Century.
Modern Canadian English tends to show very little regional diversity in pronunciation, even compared to the United States, the Irish-tinged dialect of Newfoundland being far and away the most distinctive dialect.
Its vocabulary has been influenced by loanwords from the native peoples of the north e.Mandarin is the major dialect of China both in terms of number of speakers (about 70% of the total population) and political kaja-net.com term Mandarin is an English translation of guān-huà ‘official language’, i.e., the dialect spoken in kaja-net.com Beijing dialect has been the standard for the official language of China for many centuries.
The dates may be rather arbitrary, but the main distinction between Early Modern and Late Modern English (or just Modern English as it is sometimes referred to) lies in its vocabulary - pronunciation, grammar and spelling remained largely unchanged.
We will write a custom essay sample on Pidgins and Creoles specifically for you From such contact a marginal pidgin evolves; capable, with the help of gestures, of communicating physical needs and trading arrangements, etc. When it is remembered that most extended pidgin and creole Englishes have been in contact with some form .
Discuss some of the basic differences that characterize pidgins and creoles, based on your understanding of what is meant by the following q Fair Use Policy; Extended pidgins refer to when a pidgin becomes a creole.
The cultural “side” of a pidgin usually defines this. Need help with your essay? Take a look at what our essay.
Appendix B: Code Sets. Select shared and named code sets defined in SIF are included here for reference.
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